Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Enabling opportunities to diversify farmers' livelihoods: Blending adaptation and mitigation practice

It is not difficult to source biogas technology. BIRU programmes in partnership with the government and private sector are currently expanding their effort to deliver the biogas to the last mile in order to enable local farmers to increase their adaptive capacity.

Biogas acts as a means of waste alleviation and management, preventing pollution, and enabling a healthy environment for farming communities. The biogas produced from anaerobic digestion can be used in this concept with manure as main feedstock, since this technology is already widely distributed. Bioslurry can also be produced as a side product of the biogas, and can be used as an organic fertilizer on the coffee plantation. A positive impact of this approach is that it reduces reliance on artificial fertilizers, resulting in more sustainable agricultural practice. With the help of the coffee community to increase demand, the concept can make biogas more accessible and make a real, positive impact on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The biogas-coffee concept is a promising transition pathway for climate change adaptation and mitigation. There is great potential for farmers to use biogas not only for coffee roasting, but also for expanding other small businesses, thereby supporting the advancement of the energy-agriculture nexus in Indonesia. In terms of adaptation, the biogas-coffee has the potential to be a win-win solution by enabling rural farmers to diversify their livelihoods and thus escape poverty. At the same time, it also will support green growth nationally. By combining the biogas element with a sound transition to a resilient crop such coffee, the biogas-coffee concept provides a solution for blending climate change adaptation and mitigation by supporting an enabling environment and increasing adaptive capacity through protecting the livelihoods of communities.

The biogas-coffee concept can lead farmers towards using climate-smart agriculture practices that have lower greenhouse gas emissions, lower agricultural waste generation, lower water consumption, and that can be considered as 'organic' practices.'s "" project is aiding farmers to be more sustainable by using natural processing and post-harvest techniques instead of full wash processing, aiding them to produce good quality green coffee beans while using less water. This project promotes the biogas-coffee concept, and shows farmers how it can be integrated with the other sustainable processing, drying and roasting practices that allow farmers to produce/develop "green", fairtrade, organic and eco-friendly products, for which there is a large and growing market, and which customers consider of higher value. This approach secures a better livelihood for the coffee farmers, as in-demand higher value end products help ensure higher steady incomes for farmers.  

By mastering roasting technologies and increasing the potential export of high-value roasted coffee, the biogas-coffee concept provides added value for, and supports synergy between the biogas and coffee industries value chains. Such a developmental shift could boost explorts and thus livelihoods, from farmers to industry and retail services, and the potentially increase if Indonesia becomes known for quality, sustainable coffee, offering a significant added value to the nation's economy. As such, this concept not only promotes the use of a renewable energy source in biogas, but it also helps the coffee industry, which is included in the priority sector of the Indonesia Main Development Plans for 2015-2035, to create an improved business environment

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